Over the last decade, numerous resources (i.e., guidelines, position statements, and related published articles) have focused on issues related to injection safety, including exposing sources of outbreaks, educating healthcare providers, and establishing best practices within specific areas of the healthcare field. The materials listed below are all freely available for electronic or print distribution.
Suggested use: Share copies of key peer-reviewed articles which may be of interest to your audience, through your own website, newsletter articles, email or at meetings/conferences.
- CDC/HICPAC Guidelines on safe injection practices
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) – Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
- National Quality Forum Serious Reportable Events (SRE) (events 2A and 4A address injection safety)
- Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) – Position Paper: Safe injection, infusion, and medication vial practices in health care
- American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) – Position Statement 2.13: Safe Practices for Needle and Syringe Use
- Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation – Safe Injection Practices Patient Safety Briefing
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Protect Patients Against Preventable Harm from Improper Use of Single-dose/Single-use Vials
Peer-reviewed Published Articles
- Kuehn, Bridget M. "Unsafe Injection Practices Plague US Outpatient Facilities, Harm Patients." Journal of the American Medical Association; December 2012. (http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1487494#)
- "Invasive Staphylococcus aureus Infections Associated with Pain Injections and Reuse of Single-Dose Vials — Arizona and Delaware 2012." CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; July 13, 2012.
- Alice Y. Guh, MD, MPH, et al., "Patient Notification for Bloodborne Pathogen Testing due to Unsafe Injection Practices in the US Health Care Settings, 2001-2011." Medical Care; May 2012.
- "Investigation of Viral Hepatitis Infections Possibly Associated with Health-Care Delivery — New York City, 2008–2011." CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; May 18, 2012.
- "Glucose Among Residents of Assisted Living Facilities — Virginia, 2009–2011." CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; May 18, 2012.
- Hellinger, W., Perz, J., et al. "Health Care–Associated Hepatitis C Virus Infections Attributed to Narcotic Diversion." Annals of Internal Medicine 2012; 156: 477-482.
- DeMaria, A. and Snydman, D. "Editorial: Nosocomial Hepatitis C: More of a Hidden Epidemic." Annals of Internal Medicine 2012; 156: 534-535.
- Perz, J., et al. "Case-control study of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in older adults: Do healthcare exposures contribute to burden of new infections?" Hepatology; 2012 Mar 2. doi: 10.1002/hep.25688.
- Pugliese G, Gosnell C, Bartley J, Robinson S. "Injection practices among clinicians in U.S. health care settings." American Journal of Infection Control; 2010; 38: 789-98.
- Joseph F. Perz, DrPH, MA, et al. "US Outbreak Investigations Highlight the Need for Safe Injection Practices and Basic Infection Control." Clinics in Liver Disease; 2010: 137–151.
- Nicola D. Thompson, PhD, MS, et al. "Nonhospital Health Care–Associated Hepatitis B and C Virus Transmission: United States, 1998–2008." Annals of Internal Medicine; 2009; 150: 33-39.
- Alice Y. Guh, MD, MPH, et al. "Patient Notification for Bloodborne Pathogen Testing Due to Unsafe Injection Practices in U.S. Healthcare Settings, 1999–2009." (Abstract)
- Melissa K Schaefer, MD; et al, “Calling it ‘multidose’ doesn’t make it so: inappropriate sharing and contamination of parenteral medication vials.” American Journal of Infection Control; 2010; 38: 580-581.